In this article, here I will tell you about the Azuchi–Momoyama Period in Japanese history. This period was a brief span of time, during which first Oda Nobunaga and then Toyotomi Hideyoshi. The starting date of this period is related when Nobunaga’s entry into Kyōto in 1568. If you want to know all the details about this period, then keep scrolling this page. Whenever you read this whole article from fast to last, I hope you can know about this Azuchi–Momoyama Period. So let’s start this article.
The Azuchi–Momoyama period, also known as Azuchi–Momoyama jidai, is the final step of the Sengoku period in Japanese history with running from 1568 to 1600. Oda Nobunaga was born on 23 June 1534, and he was a Japanese daimyō and one of the leading figures during the Sengoku period. The Azuchi–Momoyama Period was one of the shortest periods in Japanese history.
However, it was a significant period of medieval Japan’s history, and this period ended with the succession conflict. After ending this period, Tokugawa Ieyasu established the Tokugawa Shogunate.
History of Azuchi–Momoyama Period
Basically, the Azuchi–Momoyama period began when this leading figure entered Kyoto in 1568 for installing Ashikaga Yoshiaki as the 15th and ultimately final shōgun of the Ashikaga Shogunate. The chaotic Sengoku period was triggered after the outbreak of the Ōnin War in 1467, and then the Ashikaga Shogunate had collapsed. Yoshiaki was overthrown, and Nobunaga dissolved the Ashikaga Shogunate in 1573.
However, after 5 years, in 1582, Nobunaga was forced to commit suicide in the Honnō-Ji Incident. But his campaign of unification was completed by his successor named Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
He reforms to consolidate Nobunaga’s rule and closed the Sengoku period. In 1592, the Japanese invasions of Korea were also launched by Toyotomi Hideyoshi. Tokugawa Ieyasu challenged Hideyoshi after his death in 1598. Tokugawa got a victory at the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600, and with this victory, the Azuchi–Momoyama period ended.
Sekigahara and the End of The Toyotomi Rule
A group of the most powerful lords in Japan were appointed by Hideyoshi when he had on his deathbed. They were Tokugawa, Maeda, Ukita, Uesugi, and Mōri. Hideyori was Hideyoshi’s infant son, and those five lords were appointed to govern as the Council of Five Elders until Hideyori came of age. The end of the Toyotomi reign was marked by Ieyasu’s victory at Sekigahara regarding the last major conflict of the Azuchi–Momoyama period and Sengoku-jidai. Sei-i Tai-shōgun was a title, and Ieyasu received that title after three years. He established the Edo bakufu, and it lasted until the Meiji Restoration in 1868.
Azuchi–Momoyama Period Culture
Azuchi Momoyama Culture, also known as Azushi Momoyama Bunka, is the culture of the Azuchi-Momoyama era. Nobunaga Oda and Toyotomi Hideyoshi were two leading figures who underway the unification project during this Azuchi–Momoyama Period. Momoyama culture is called a contemporary culture in which little Buddhism color, reflecting emerging samurai forces, the trading style of merchants, and the economic power of merchants were included.
Sakai’s Mukuhisa Imai and Hakata’s Shimai Muneaki were the emerging merchants in Azuchi–Momoyama, and they grew up in urban areas. In this era, there were also running some luxurious and massive cultural trends against wealth.
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